LTG Daniel O. Graham, USA

September 1974 - December 1975


In October 1974, General Graham began a comprehensive overhaul of DIA production functions, organization, and management. The end of the Vietnam War produced many refugees and heightened concern for American POW/MIAs. Intense Congressional review during 1975-76 created turbulence in the national Intelligence Community. Amid these issues, massive resource decrements were faced by DIA and the entire Defense intelligence community.

The Murphy and Rockefeller Commissions investigated charges of intelligence abuse and ultimately led to an Executive Order modifying the overall functioning of the Intelligence Community. DIA sought to offset heavy production requirements by using the "delegated production" concept, and a report from the Intelligence Management Study Group led to a reorganization of all DIA production activities.

The symbol for DIA's Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) Liaison Division became JS in October 1974, but the function continued as before. In November 1974, however, JS became the J-2 Support Office, and its duties were expanded to emphasize DIA's JCS support role and the role of the Director, DIA, as the J-2 of the Joint Staff. In General Graham's words, "To place greater emphasis on my role as the J-2, JCS, I have expanded the size of my J-2 Support Office which now reports directly to my chief of staff. This office serves as the DIA focal point for all Joint Staff matters and maintains a close relationship with the OJCS to insure prompt and responsive DIA support."

DIA completed the appointment of the six original Defense Intelligence Officers (DIOs) in April 1975. The plan to establish a DIO program originated in December 1974. Throughout the years, the DIOs have served as the Director's personal senior staff representatives on substantive geographic and functional intelligence matters. Moreover, they interface with the CIA's National Intelligence Officers, assist in promoting utilization of Defense intelligence products, and increase the timeliness and quality of Defense intelligence.

The official end of Vietnam War in l975 created greater interest in American POWs and MIAs and a problem for refugees fleeing the communist take-over. This period produced numerous studies as DIA sought improved means for providing accurate and timely intelligence in a world filled with increasing challenges. DIA was faced with the need for intelligence on coups in Ethiopia and Portugal and independence movements in Angola, Mozambique, and Guinea-Bissau.